Phyllanthus amarus/ Phyllanthus nururui is the Botanical of this fragile plant! It is called Keezhanelli in Tamil. Keezh - Under/Underneath and Nelli - Berry/ goose berry/ amla!! This teeny plant has sesame seed sized leaves and underneath each leaf blade, it posses black mustard sized berries, which looks exactly like microscopic amla/gooseberry...Oh Tamilians are known for their 'Kaarana Peyar' (meaningful names)!
This plant grows in wild, among the weeds and often gets out of our attention! The whole plant is about 10-20 cms! It is native to Central Asia! It belongs to the family of Euphorbiacea. It is used in medicine, since time immemorial by both Chinese and Indian medicines(both Older civilization, right). Well...since then it has been handed down via tradition to the next generation! Although it sounds like a folks remedy, lot of research has been very convincing so far. It posses immense power to cure various ailments from jaundice to diabetes!
Folks Remedy : The whole plant, along with its root, is washed and ground into paste - swallowed in empty stomach and to wash that down, salt less buttermilk is given. A period of 10 days is said enough to cure even severe jaundice(both Hepatitis B & C). When English medicines fail for small pox and jaundice, people do follow this alternate medicines! Though its going to take a while with severe diet plan, at least it has no side effects!!
Science Behind The Plant: The major constituents of this plants are 1. Liganins, 2. Alkaloids, 3. Plant Flavonoids, 4. Polyphenol compounds and 5. Tanins. [ All these may be composed of phyllanthine, demethoxyninarthin, entnorsecurinine, phyllanthoside, quercetin, ellagic acid, gallic acid etc ]. Well, to give it simple the plant components imply that they are rich in anti-oxidants and disease fighting factors!!
The species P.nururui has been widely studied! The report says that it inhibits the growth and proliferation of the virus (anti hepatitis B) and also affects the replication of their genetic material! The P.nururui exactly blocks the DNA polymerase, an active enzyme...which is very important for both Hepatitis B & C virus to reproduce! Aaaha there is the key!
The gallic acid and the steroidal compounds present in them maybe an effective pain killer of an inflammation! Phyllanthus also cures away the excess uric acid present in the body. The alkoloids helps them to remove stones from the kidney and it also clears the gall bladder. Well, both P.amarus and P.nururui overall strengthens liver and reduces the severity of liver damage(due to fat, drugs, alcohol and even stress/damage caused by cortisol hormone). If you ask me, I will suggest to take them as best detoxing concoctions(even without any serious health issues) to cleanse your body.
When I went to India(last vacation), I spotted this humble fragile plant in my garden! Though Pappa was telling me, not to pluck them, without the need...I kind of did it...for the photo and always wanted to know, what they taste like, he he.
Keezhanelli plant 1 (along with root)
Butter milk 1 cup
Salt to taste.
Do you seriously want to know the steps here!!:)